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Bieszczadzki PN arrow Invertebrate fauna

Invertebrate fauna
09.05.2011.


The invertebrate fauna was evaluated from the viewpoint of endangerment (Pawlowski and Sterzynska 1993, 1995), who distinguished several categories of interesting faunistic elements:

1. endemic taxa:

a) East-Carpathian such as an earth-worm species Allolobophora carpatica, daddy-long-leg Siro carpaticus, book scorpion Neobisium brevidigittatum, orthopterans - Isophya stysi and Miramella ebneri carpatica, carabids - Deltomerus carpaticus and Nebria fuscipes, elater Athous mollis, chilopod Lithobius silvivagus, diplopods - Beskidia jankowskii and Karpathophyllon polinskii, caddis-flies - Annitella chomiacensis and Potamophylax polonicus and other;

b) South-East-Carpathian species, such as a slug species Trichia bielzii, book scorpions - Roncus transsilvanicus and Neobisum polnicum, rove beetles - Othius transsilvanicus and Ocypus biharicus, chrysomelids Asiorestia transsilvanica and Sclerophaedon carpathicus;

2. other mountain zoogeographical elements of southern origin (most often of Balkan-Carpathian and South-Pannonian e.g. a millipede Unciger transsilvanicus, earth-worms - Octolasion transpadanum and Lumbricus polyphemus, sandstone-fly Perla pallida dacica, beetles - Pterostichus jurine, Othius crassus, and Plinthus parreysi, aphis Boerneria depressa etc.;

3. various zoogeographical elements, reaching in the Bieszczady mountains their eastern, western or northern limit of their distribution, e.g. Heterotrioza chenopodii and Craspedolepta bulgarica, earth-worm Bimastes parvus, ant Sifolinia karavaievi, beetle Trechus amplicollis, a dipteran Mycetophila unguiculata etc.;

4. disjunctive, most often boreal-mountain elements, having their only records in Poland from the Bieszczady mountains, such as: caddis-fly Chaetopteryx sahlbergi, aphid Pterocomma ringdahli, a dipteran Pseudorymosia optiva;

5. unique species whose only records in Poland come from the Bieszczady area - the number of such species is fairly high, and their zoogeographical affiliations are not yet determined;

6. taxa which were described in the Bieszczady mountains, whose locus typicus has entered the literature on the subject and will be important for comparative studies; these include: daddy-long-legs Nemastoma polnicum and Siro carpaticus, orthopteran Isophya posthumoides, May-fly Rhithrogena wolosatkae, gall-fly Aulacidea trapogonis celata, beetles - Pseudanophthalmus pilosellus poloninansis and Xantholinus azuganus trellai, a spider Lepthyphantes milleri etc.

The Protection Plan for the Bieszczady Park and its buffer zone, J. Pawlowski (MS.) included a systematic account of the species divided into several categories of value for nature conservation. This list included:

— 112 species occurring in Poland exclusively within the limits of the Polish part of the International Reserve of Biosphere “Eastern Carpathians”,

— 115 species new to Poland, known from other countries,

— 48 East-Carpathian endemics,

— 14 East-South-Carpathian endemics,

— 3 West-Carpathians sub-endemics,

— 21 species new to science,

— 19 species new to science with loci typici within the area,

— 2 species known only as locus typicus in the Bieszczady Mountains.

Among the invertebrates recorded in the Bieszczady National Park, more than 30 species are listed as species protected by law. These include: alpine rosalia Rosalia alpina, green-gold carabid Carabus auronitens, violet carabid Carabus violaceus, leather carabid Carabus coriaceus, and purple emperor Apatura iris.




 
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