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Bieszczadzki PN arrow Vertebrate fauna

Vertebrate fauna
09.05.2011.


From the viewpoit of protection, the reptiles are an important group of vertebrates in the Bieszczady National Park and its buffer zone:

1. Sand lizard Lacerta agilis is a fairly common species, found elsewhere from the lowest zones up to lower parts of the poloninas.

2. Common lizard Lacerta vivipara is the reptile species most frequently distributed at all altitudes.

3. Slow-worm Anguis fragilis frequently occurs in the buffer zone and in the lower fringes of the Park.

4. Grass-snake Natrix natrix is not very commonly found upon bodies of water in the buffer zone and in lower areas of the Park.

5. Smooth snake Coronella austriaca is a very rare snake species recorded only on a few sites in the Park/s buffer zone.

6. Waz Eskulapa Elaphe longissima is a very rare southern, warm-loving species, whose population is limited to the San river valley at the foot of the Otryt range, in an area of high insolation.

7. Viper Vipera berus is a snake occurring in high numbers within the Park and the buffer zone in three colour varieties: brown, grey and black.

A great deal of ornithological research as well as inventories of species made for the purpose of drawing the Plan for protection of the Bieszczady Park confirm that the area represents one of the most valuable bird refuges in Poland. In all, 202 bird species were found, out of which 165 breed in the area. In the Park proper, 144 species were found, including 142 species that are breeding. The Plan for protection of the Park in its buffer zone identifies the species which should be protected as a kind of priority from the viewpoint of the bird fauna conservation (Glowacinski et al. MS.) — these are:

1. Birds-of-prey: honey buzzard Pernis apivorus, black kite Milvus migrans, kite Milvus milvus, Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus, griffon vulture Gyps fulvus, short-toed eagle Circaëtus gallicus, marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus, hen harrier Circus cyaneus, Montague’s harrier Circus pygargus, goshawk Accipiter gentilis, sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus, buzzard Buteo buteo, rough-legged buzzard Buteo lagopus, lesser spotted eagle Aquila pomarina, spotted eagle Aquila clanga, golden eagle Aquila chrysaëtos, booted eagle Hieraetus pennatus, osprey Pandion haliaëtus, kestrel Falco tinnunculus, red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus, hobby Falco subbuteo, and peregrine Falco peregrinus.

2. Owls: eagle owl Bubo bubo, snowy owl Nyctea scandiaca, pygmy owl Glaucidium passerinum, little owl Athene noctua, tawny owl Strix aluco, Ural owl Strix uralensis, long-eared owl Asio otus, Tengmalm’s owl Aegolius funereus, hawk owl Surnia ulula, and barn owl Tyto alba.

3. Woodpeckers: wryneck Jynx torquilla, grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus, green woodpecker Picus viridis, black woodpecker Dryocopus martius, great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major, middle spotted eagle Dendrocopos medius, white-backed woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos, and three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus.

4. Mountain species and other rare or peculiarspecies: mountain accentor Prunella collaris, water pipit Anthus spinoletta, dipper Cinclus cinclus, grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea, blue rock trush Monticola saxatilis, black stork Ciconia nigra, and corncrake Crex crex.



 
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